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 Political Developments and the Struggle for Independence in Kenya (1919-1963)

Kenya African National Union (KANU) and its objectives

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Kenya African National Union (KANU)
During the emergency period, (From October 1952 to December 1959) African participation in the political process increased rapidly. The Kenya African National Union (KANU) was formed after the First Lancaster House Conference of January 1960 resolved that nationwide political parties
be formed in Kenya as a step towards decolonization.
On 27th march 1960, at a meeting at Kirigiti, Kiambu convened by ex-KAU strongmen, James Gichuru and Oginga Odinga, KAU merged with Kenya Independent Movement and the People's Congress Party to form KANU. The colonial government declined to register KANU with
Kenyatta as president since he was still in detention.
The objectives of KANU were:
a) To attain political independence for Africans in Kenya.
b) To achieve national unity through a unitary national constitution under one central government.
c) To create a society based on African socialism.
d) To eradicate poverty, ignorance and disease.
e) To get back African land.
f) To have all political detainees released.
g) To unite with liberation movements in other countries in Africa in order to end imperialism and colonialism in the continent.


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