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 Political Developments and the Struggle for Independence in Kenya (1919-1963)

Reasons why independent churches and schools emerged in Kenya

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EMERGENCE OF INDEPENDENT CHURCHES AND SCHOOLS MOVEMENT IN KENYA.
This was an expression of African protest against European interference with traditional African economic and political organization.
Reasons why independent churches and schools emerged in Kenya.
a) The desire by majority of Africans to retain their cultural values while at the same time converting to Christianity.
b) Africans were unhappy with the style of education in mission schools which only prepared them for low positions in government or employment on European farms and homes.
c) Independent schools emerged as a reaction
against colonial domination and exploitation in terms of taxation, kipande, forced labour and racial discrimination.
d) Africans desired leadership in their own churches instead of being led by European missionaries whom they viewed as agents of colonialism.
e) The role played by Africans like John Owalo and Elijah Masinde who claimed to have received divine calls to begin independent churches.


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