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 Political Developments and the Struggle for Independence in Kenya (1919-1963)

The Mau Mau Rebellion(1951-1960)

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Answer Text:
THE MAU-MAU REBELLION (1951 – 1960)
-Mau-Mau is an abbreviation which stands for “Mzungu Arudi Ulaya, Mwafirika Apate Uhuru” (meaning let the white man go back to Europe and the Africans regain Independence).
-Sometimes the movement was referred to as the ‘Land and Freedom Army’ and the Anake-a-Forty.
-Sometime in the late 1940s the General Council of the banned Kikuyu Central Association (KCA) began to make preparations for a campaign of civil disobedience involving all of the Kikuyu inorder to protest the land issue. The members of this initiative were bound together through oath. The oaths were a cultural
-symbol of the solidarity that bound Kikuyu men, women and children in loyalty together in their opposition to the colonial government. It also instilled courage and unity among people.


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