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Form 3 History: European Invasion and the Process of Colonization of Africa
The course of the maji maji war. (7m 40s)
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Course of the maji maji war:
-The oppressive regime bred discontent among the Africans, and resentment reached a fever pitch in 1905 when drought hit the region.
-A Ngarambe prophet, Kinjikitile Ngwale emerged, who claimed to know the secret to a sacred liquid which could repel German
bullets called "Maji Maji," which means "sacred water."
-Thus, armed with arrows, spears, and doused with Maji Maji water, the first warriors of the rebellion began what would become known as the Maji Maji Rebellion. The rebellion was led by Kinjeketile Ngwale, Abdalla Mpanda and Ngamea.
-On July 31, 1905, Matumbi tribesmen marched on to Samanga and destroyed the cotton crop as well as a trading post. Kinjikitile was arrested and hanged for treason.
-On August 14, 1905, Ngindo tribesmen attacked a small party of missionaries on a safari; all five, including Bishop Spiss (the Roman
Catholic Bishop of Dar es Salaam) were speared to death.
-By August 1905, Germans were restricted to four military stations i.e. Wahenga, Kilosa, Iringa and Songea.The germans employed the scorched earth policy where they were to destroy anything at the vision.