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 Form 3 History: European Invasion and the Process of Colonization of Africa

Factors that led to the scramble for colonies in Africa

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Answer Text:
FACTORS THAT LED TO THE SCRAMBLE FOR COLONIES IN AFRICA.
Economic factors
1. The industrial revolution in Europe was the main economic reason for European invasion.
a) The revolution led to search for markets for European manufactured goods in Africa resulting in scramble for and partition.
b) The need for raw materials like cotton, palm oils, copper and iron ore. The machines invented processed goods faster than use of hand. The Europeans came to Africa in search of raw materials like cotton, palm oil, copper and iron ore.
c) Cheap labour was also readily available in Africa after the abolition of slave trade.
d) There was desire by the entrepreneurs to invest excess capital gained from accumulation of
profits from industrial investment.
e) Industrial revolution led to improved transport system, which was necessary for effective colonization.
f) The military hardware manufactured during the revolution enabled
Europeans to conquer African territories.


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