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 Form 3 History: European Invasion and the Process of Colonization of Africa

The pull factors for scramble and partition of Africa

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Answer Text:
The pull factors for scramble and partition of Africa
a) Existence of Vast natural resources in Africa. There were pockets of minerals in various parts of Africa and ivory awaiting exploitation.
b) Well developed trade/trade routes in the interior. Imperialists used these routes as transport routes to penetrate the interior.
c) Existence of Navigable Rivers. For example, rivers like Congo and Niger made transportation easy
d) Existence of weak Decentralized local communities. Most African communities were decentralized with no military structures therefore offering little resistance to European invasion.
e) Frequent wars / inter community wars. These wars
weakened African communities and were left ill prepared for any resistance. Some readily collaborated with the Europeans.


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