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 Form 2 History and Government online lessons on transport

Motor vehicles in modern transport and how they were invented

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Answer Text:
Motor vehicles in modern transport.
- These are self-propelled power-driven land transportation devices used to transport people or goods, especially on land.
- The device converts fuel into energy to provide the power for the vehicle to move.
- The first attempt to power drive devices was the suggestion by a Swiss clergyman J.H Genevois in 1760 that wind springs be used to move wheels on roads.
- However, the making of an engine that could drive a vehicle is attributed to a French engineer, Nicholas Joseph Cugnot (1725-
1804). He built a three wheeled steam-driven vehicle in 1769, though he abandoned his experiment prematurely.In 1883, a German, Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900) produced a high speed petrol engine which he fitted on a wooden cycle in 1885.
- Karl Benz (1844-1929) fitted the same engine on a tricycle in the same year.
- In 1886, Daimler made the first petrol driven car with four wheels. Benz built the first four wheeled Benz car in 1893.
- In 1903 in USA, Henry Ford founded the Ford Motor Company in Detroit leading to mass production of cars in the world. For example, the model TFord was developed in 1909.