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 Form 2 History and Government online lessons on transport

Development of Space exploration.

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Answer Text:
Space exploration.
- This is the attempt by scientists to reach the heavenly bodies namely the stars and moon to learn more about them and their importance to man as a whole.
- Space age refers to the period in which the exploration of space became possible.
- It began with the launch of the first artificial satellite in October 1957 by the soviet union- Sputnik.
- The first human to go to space was a Russian Major Yuri Gagarin using Vostok I in April 1961. In the same year an American, John Glenn also went to space.
- Neil Armstrong, an American Became the first man to land on the moon in July 1969 in his space craft, Apollo II.
- He was accompanied by Edwin E Aldrin Jr and Michael Collins.
- Many other have toured the moon since then.
- Later on, a space shuttle was built.
- The first space shuttle, Columbia, launched in 1981, carried two American astronauts, John W. Young and Robert L Crpens.
- In 1984, Kathryn D Sullivan became the first American woman to walk in space.
- By 1988, there were 300 operating satellites in space while 1200 were not functioning.