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 Form 4 Geography online lessons on transport and communication

Problems facing transport and communication in Africa.

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Answer Text:
Problems Facing transport and Communication in Africa.
1. Some countries are landlocked i.e. located far inland away from oceans e.g. Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, etc.
2. Regions having rugged relief due to presence of features like mountains e.g. mountains Kenya and
Kilimanjaro which makes construction of roads and railways difficult and expensive. Presence of rapids and waterfalls which causes swift movement of water makes development of river transport difficult.
3. Shortage of navigable rivers because rivers have navigable stretches, presence of obstacles and fluctuations of water volumes, narrowness and shallowness all of which makes navigation difficult.
4. Lack of adequate capital for establishment and maintenance of transport and communication infrastructure e.g. vehicles, locomotives, aircraft, satellites, computers, etc.
5. Political instability in countries such as Somalia which have affected transport and communication.
6. Communication experiences language barriers due to many ethnic groups with majority who only communicates through vernacular making
international communication difficult.
7. High cost of travelling due to high cost of fuel causing the low and middle class persons to travel less which reduces profits realized in the transport sector.