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Form 4 Geography Sample Exam Questions and Answers
What is fish farming?
It is the rearing of fish in ponds
State the difference between land reclamation and land rehabilitation.
Other than tree planting, give three other methods employed in rehabilitation of land
State three objectives that led to the establishment of Mwea Irrigation Scheme in Kenya
Explain four human problems that face irrigation farming in Kenya.
Describe the stages followed in the reclamation of land from the sea in Netherlands
State four benefits of the delta plan to the Netherlands.
Name two exotic beef cattle breeds in Kenya
State three steps taken by the government to improve beef farming in Kenya.
State three problems facing beef farming in Kenya.
Explain three physical conditions that favour beef farming in Argentina
Apart from Mwea, name three other large irrigation schemes in Kenya
State two advantages of irrigation over natural water supplies
What is a polder.
Explain three problems caused by a large aging population
Outline two aims of the tsetse flies control project in the Lambwe valley of Kenya
State four efforts being made to conserve water catchment areas of Kenya
Name three crops grown in the polders.
List three ways in which tsetse fly menace was controlled in the Lambwe valley
Name two areas in Kenya where swamps have been reclaimed
List four types of wasteland that can be reclaimed
Give two advantages of irrigation farming compared to rain fed farming
The diagrams below represent some fishing methods
Explain three measures that have been undertaken by the government of Kenya to encourage fish farming.
Explain four problems which face marine fishing in Kenya
Name three fishing grounds in the Northern Hemisphere.
Explain three physical factors that favour fishing in Japan.
Name two methods of fishing.
Name two types of fish caught along the Eastern Coast of Canada.
Explain how the following factors favour fishing:- (i) Indented Coastline (ii) Ocean Currents
Give three methods used to preserve fish.
State four reasons why marine fisheries in Kenya are under-developed
Name three types of nets used in modern fishing
Explain any four problems facing fishing in East Africa
Explain any four ways in which fishing is significant to Kenya
Name four areas where fish farmers in Kenya can obtain fingerlings
State the three categories of fish communities
State two reasons why the Western Coast of Africa has high concentration of fish than the Eastern Coast.
Name two commercial fishing methods commonly used in Atlantic fishing ground
Give three reasons why Norway is a great fishing nation
Differentiate between pelagic fish and Dermersal fish?
Explain three problems experienced by fishermen in Lake Victoria
State three measures being taken to conserve wildlife in Kenya
Differentiate between game reserves and game parks
State three ways in which human activities are a threat to wildlife
What is balance of payment?
Identify three problems that face traders dealing with primary goods
Why are some parts of Kenya not developed for tourism?
State two factors that hinder domestic tourism in Kenya.
State three problems facing wildlife conservation in Kenya.
Name two oil producing countries in the Middle East
Give three contributions of oil to the economies of Middle East countries
What is a multi-purpose project?
Name two multi-purpose projects in Africa
Identify the hydro-power stations marked P, Q and R in the diagram
Explain four problems that hinder development of Hydro-electric power projects in Africa
Give five effects of liberalization of the oil industry in Kenya
Define the term “industrial inertia.”
State three factors that make industrialists prefer to locate their plants near already established industries.
Explain three benefits that would result from rural electrification in Kenya
State three negative effects of industrialization
Differentiate between a factory and industry
Name any three types of tertiary industry
List two non-renewable fossil fuels
What is fish farming?
Explain three measures taken by the Kenyan government to conserve energy
Suggest any three ways to minimize energy wastage
State four ways in which communication has contributed to economic development of Kenya
State any four problems facing air transport in Africa
State two recent developments that have taken place in Kenya to improve communication
State three benefits that Kenya would derive from road linkage with the rest of East African countries
Give two major problems experienced by users of Kenyan roads
Give four reasons why water transport is poorly developed in Africa
Give two types of international trade
State two efforts made by the Kenya government to enhance external trade
Differentiate between visible and invisible exports
Name three invisible exports from Kenya
Identify three member countries of ECOWAS
State three negative effects of a country over relying on import goods.
What is mortality rate?
State five measures that have been taken in Kenya to reduce infant mortality in Kenya
Explain four reasons that led to rapid population growth in Kenya in the 1980’s
State four reasons for increased infertility in Kenyan women today
What is life expectancy?
Give three types of information which can be derived from a population pyramid.
Explain four causes of rural-rural migration in Kenya.
Define the term secondary infertility
State two ways in which the spread of HIV/AIDS in Kenya may slow down economic development
What is dependency ratio?
State three causes of a high dependency ratio in a population
Explain four factors that have led to the high population density around Lake Victoria
What is population census?
State three reasons why countries conduct population census
Differentiate between immigration and emigration
Define the term population explosion
Reasons why National parks are located in marginal areas.
Explain three ways in which water pollution affect wildlife
Explain four problems caused by floods
State three ways through which land pollution can be controlled
Give three effects of wind as an environmental hazard in Kenya
Use the map of Kenya below to answer question (a)
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