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Form 1 Agriculture Notes on Farm Tools and Equipment

Grade/Class: Form 1

Subject: Agriculture

Term: Select Term

Document Type: PDF

    

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Summary

FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

These are the tools and equipment used for wide range of masonry work during construction or demolition.

Shovel
shovel.png
Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar during construction

Spirit level
spirit level.png
Used to determine horizontal straightness when laying out stones or bricks

Sledge hammer
sledge hammer.png
Used to crash stones into small pieces

Masons trowel
masons trowel.png
Used to scoop and apply mortar when laying out bricks and stones. Mortar is a mixture of sand and cement together with water.

Wood float
wood float.png
Used for smoothening mortar when plastering walls or floors

Metal /steel float
metal steel float.png
Used for smoothening cement or concrete during plastering. Concrete is a mixture of sand ,cement, gravel or ballast with water

Plumb bob
plumb bob.png
Ascertain verticalness/straightness when constructing a tall wall.

Leveling rod
rod.png
Used with a theodolite to measure distances in the leveling of land.

A theodolite is an instrument used by surveyors for measuring angles.

Mason’s square

Uses of plumbing tools and equipment

these are the tools and equipment used for wide range of plumbing work e.g. maintenance of pipe system in the farm.

Spanners: - For tightening and loosening bolts and nuts of different sizes
spanner.png

Pipe wrench
pipe wrench.png
For tightening or loosening the fittings

Pipe cutter
pipe cutter.png
For cutting metallic pipes and putting threads on pipes to ease joining of pipes

Hacksaw
hacksaw.png
For cutting metallic pipes before threading

Maintenance of plumbing tools and equipment
General methods of maintenance practices include.
Cleaning after use
Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt
Tightening loose parts
Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting
Replacing worn out parts
Repairing damaged parts
Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction
Proper storage
Painting metallic parts

Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment
To increase durability
To reduce replacements cost
To increase efficiency
To avoid damage to the tool
To avoid injury to the user

MAINTENANCE OF TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
General Methods of maintenance practices include.
(1 ) Cleaning after use
(2 ) Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt
(3 ) Tightening loose parts
(4 ) Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting
(5 ) Replacing worn out parts
(6 ) Repairing damaged parts
(7 ) Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction
(8 ) Proper storage
(9 ) Painting metallic parts

Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment
(i.) To increase durability
(ii.) To reduce replacements cost
(iii.) To increase efficiency
(iv.) To avoid damage to the tool
(v.) To avoid injury to the user
Specific maintenance of the tool or equipment
Cleaning after use
Oil metallic part to prevent rusting
Sharpening the cutting edge
Repair broken parts
Oil to prevent rusting
Lubricate the inner spring
Proper storage

Tape Measure
Tighten loose nuts and bolts
Grease moving parts
Appropriate storage

Sprinkler
Unblock the nozzles
Fix loose handle
Leveling boards
Replace broken handle

Panga
Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt
Repair worn out or broken handle

Blade/Jembe/Hoe
Sharpening blunt blade
Straighten bent blade
Store appropriately
Straighten bent prong

Spade
Paint the body/tank
Unblock the perforations
Tighten loose parts
Store appropriate

Uses of Plumbing tools and equipment in the farm.
Spanners:- For tightening and loosening bolts and nuts of different sizes
Pipe wrench
For tightening or loosening the fittings
Pipe cutter
For cutting metallic pipes and putting threads on pipes to ease joining of pipes
Hacksaw
For cutting metallic pipes before threading

Maintenance of plumbing tools and equipment
Tightening loose parts
Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting
Replacing worn out parts
Repairing damaged parts
Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction
Painting metallic parts

Uses of masonry tools and equipment
These are the tools and equipment used for wide range of masonry work during construction or demolition. Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar during construction
Spirit level
Used to determine horizontal straightness when laying out stones or bricks
Sledge hammer
Used to crash stones into small pieces
Masons trowel
Used to scoop and apply mortar when laying out bricks and stones. Mortar is a mixture of sand and cement together with water.
Wood float
Used for smoothening mortar when plastering walls or floors
Metal /steel float
Used for smoothening cement or concrete during plastering. Concrete is a mixture of sand ,cement, gravel or ballast with water
Plumb bob
Ascertain verticalness/straightness when constructing a tall wall.
Leveling rod
Used with a theodolite to measure distances in the leveling of land. A theodolite is an instrument used by surveyors for measuring angles.
Mason’s square
Used to determine right angles when laying out bricks or stone for wall construction

 

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