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 Form 1 Geography Online Lessons on Introduction to Geography

Lesson on Branches of Geography

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Answer Text:
1. Physical Geography
- Deals with the study of natural physical environment of human kind. The areas covered include:
a) Geology-study of the origin, structure and composition of the earth. It includes study of rocks.
b) Geomorphology- the study of internal and external land forming processes and landforms.
c) Climatology- the study of climate and weather
d) Pedology- the study of soils
e) Biogeography - the study of soils, vegetation and animals.
f) Hydrology- the study of water bodies
g) Spatial geography -study of space
2. Human and Economic Geography
-Study of people and their activities on the earth’s surface. The areas covered include:
a) Mining
b) Forestry
c) Agriculture
d) Fishing
e) Wildlife and tourism
f) Industry
g) Energy etc.
3. Practical Geography
-A smaller branch which equips the learner with practical skills that enhance their understanding and interpretation of human and physical geographical information. The areas are:
a) Statistical methods
b) Map work
c) Field work
d) Photograph work


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