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 KCSE History and Government Paper 1 Revision Questions and Answers Set 1

Discuss the effects of Portuguese rule on the East Africa coast.

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Answer Text:
-Disruption of trade between East African Coast.
-Decline of coastal settlements such as Gedi.
-Introduction of new crops such as maize, potatoes and pineapples.
-Built churches and attempted to convert some
Africans to Christianity with little success.
-Enrichment of African Language with the introduction of words into Swahili.
-Introduction of new architectural designs such as Fort Jesus and Vasco da Gama pillar.
-Punitive raids by the Portuguese led to loss of life and destruction of property.
-Led to immense suffering among the coastal people due to their brutality.