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 KCSE History and Government Paper 1 Revision Questions and Answers Set 1

Explain why the Portuguese were able to conquer the East Africa coast by #18^(th) # century.

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Answer Text:
-They had superior weapons
-Lack of unity among the coastal people/communities for example, Malindi attacked Mombasa.
- Portuguese launched surprise attacks on coastal settlements.
-The Portuguese knew the geography of the coast of East Africa very well.
-They had trained soldiers.