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 Form 2 History and Government online lessons on urbanization

Factors which contributed to the growth of Johannesburg.

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Answer Text:
Johannesburg.
- The city started as a mining camp in 1886 after the discovery of gold in the Witwatersrand.
- This attracted thousands of people coming to prospect for minerals and seek for employment.
Factors which contributed to the growth of Johannesburg.
(a) Existence of minerals/discovery of gold in the Witwatersrand resulted in a rush of people to the area.
(b) Availability of energy i.e. coal which was an important source of energy to the mines, industries and homes.
(c) Excellent location in the plain making construction work easy.
(d) Its proximity to Vaal River which supplied plenty of water to industries and domestic use.
(e) Area around Johannesburg is fertile and therefore agriculturally productive ensuring steady supply of food.
(f) The organization of the city council which has ensured that financial control and revenue collection is effectively
and the city able to manage its growth problems.


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