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 Form 2 History and Government online lessons on urbanization

Factors for growth of Meroe town

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Answer Text:
Meroe/Merowe.
- This was the second capital of the kingdom of Kush and emerged as a city in 650 BC.
- It rose to become an important industrial centre and specifically iron working producing weapons, hunting and farming tools.
Factors for growth of Meroe:
(a) Existence of transport routes-Meroe/Merowe was located at an intersection of transport routes (from east via the red sea and from north via Egypt).
- This promoted trade with other parts of the world.
(b) Abundance of wood fuel, from the heavily forested Blue Nile / white Nile intersection area, which was a key to the prosperity of the iron-working industry.
(c) Mining –Merowe was located in a region endowed with a lot of iron.


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