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 Form 2 History and Government online lessons on urbanization

Problems faced by Cairo today.

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Answer Text:
Problems faced by Cairo today.
(a) High population. Cairo is the largest city in Africa and the Middle East. One fifth of Egypt’s population stays in Cairo.
(b) Scarcity of food. The high population in the
city has caused food shortage.
(c) Unemployment. The number of unemployed people in Cairo is increasing every year mainly due to the high rate of migration to the city and the natural population increase.
(d) Housing problems. Between the Nile and the main airport, between 250,000 to 900,000 poor people have put up shanties.
(e) Traffic jams – This is a challenge to the transport sector.
(f) Pollution from the industries, vehicle exhaust, desert storms and garbage burning.