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 Form 2 History and Government Development of Industries Online Video Lessons

Factors that facilitated India’s industrialization.

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Answer Text:
India.
- Since India’s independence from Britain in 1947, the country has continued to experience extensive industrialization.
Factors that facilitated India’s industrialization.
(a) Existence of good industrial base from the
textile and leather industries. The British governor Lord Dalhousie also laid a good foundation for industrialization by promoting road construction and cotton growing.
(b) Also cottage industries like smithing and
textiles existed in India long before colonialism. This formed the basis for modern industries.
(c) Availability of Cheap, both skilled and unskilled labour from the country’s large population which is almost at a billion mark.
(d) Existence of raw materials. For example mineral supplies like iron ore, manganese and coal allowed development of heavy industries.
(e) Development of energy sources like coal and hydro-electricity has boosted industrialization. Other sources of energy include oil, natural gas and nuclear energy.
(f) Development of transport and communication. The great trunk road from Calcutta to Punjab and sea transport development has led to
resource exploitation and transportation of manufactured goods.


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