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 Form 2 History and Government Development of Industries Online Video Lessons

Sectors of industrialization in Brazil and factors that have facilitated industrialization in Brazil.

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Answer Text:
Brazil.
- The fourth largest nation in the world after Canada, China and USA, she was colonized by Portugal and attained her independence in 1882.
- In the last 25 years, she has been able to expand and diversify production of manufactured goods.
Her industrialization has been in four main sectors namely;
1. Petroleum and petrochemical industries. She has petrochemical complexes based in the states of Balica, Rio Grande, Dosul and Sao Paulo.
2. Motor vehicle industry. The country has earned a lot of forex through the massive manufacture and sale of motor vehicles since 1997.
3. Aircraft and aerospace industry. The Brazilian Space Agency (AEB) and the National Institute of Space Research (NPE)
have been involved in the Brazilian space programme which comprises the construction of satellites and launching of space craft.
4. Electricity generation industry. The main source of Brazilian electric energy is water.
In 1996, 92 % of all her electricity power generation was HEP.
Factors that have facilitated industrialization in Brazil.
(a) Availability of Cheap and both skilled and unskilled labour from the country’s large population.
(b) Plentiful natural resources. For example mineral supplies like gold, coal, iron ore, uranium, manganese etc.
(c) Availability of hydro-electricity as early as 1905 to boost industrialization. Coal is also available.
(d) Foreign capital. There was heavy influx of foreign capital from countries such as the USA, Canada, Britain, Portugal and France which led to establishment of industries in the country.
(e) Improved transport and communication. Railway lines were constructed in most parts of Brazil thus opening the interior areas for the exploitation of natural resources and transportation of manufactured goods.
(f) Good economic policies adopted by President Getulio Vargas (1930-1945) have contributed to industrialization in Brazil.
- He encouraged the development of transport and communication. He encouraged the harnessing of HEP.


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