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 Form 2 History and Government Development of Industries Online Video Lessons

Uses of petroleum or oil as a source of energy

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Answer Text:
Petroleum (often referred to as oil) as a source of energy.
- Before 1850, oil was known to American farmers as a substance that affected food production in farms.
- It was an American Don, Bissel who carried out an analysis of oil samples at a university lab and established that oil was both a fuel and lubricant.
- The use of oil became widespread with the invention of the internal combustion engine by Gotlieb Daimler.
Uses of oil.
(a) To power vehicles, aeroplanes and ships.
(b) To generate electricity used in lighting and cooking.
(c) To run engines in industries.
(d) Tar (Bitumen), a by-product of petroleum is used to tarmac roads.
(e) Greasing of metals in industries was also done by petroleum by- products such as grease.