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 Form 2 History and Government Development of Industries Online Video Lessons

Two theories that explain the origin and spread of iron working in Africa

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Answer Text:
Iron.
- Two theories that explain the origin and spread of iron working in Africa are:
1. It was first introduced in North Africa from the Middle East by the Phoenicians and the Assyrians, and then spread to west, East Central and South Africa.
- This is the diffusion theory.
2. The art of iron working probably developed independently in Africa as evidenced by the Archaeological evidence in Buhaya (the oldest iron age site that existed between 5th and 6th C AD ), North –West of Tanzania.
- The Hittites were the first people to smelt and use iron in around 1500BC.
- The skill then spread to the Assyrians.
- The idea then spread to Africa between 400 and 500 BC and became widespread in the Nile Valley.


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