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 Form 2 History and Government online lessons on communication

Meaning of communication, Traditional forms of communication and advantages of using fire and smoke signals.

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Answer Text:
Communication.
- Communication is a two-way process of reaching mutual understanding, in which participants not only exchange information but also create and share ideas and messages.
- Communication includes writing, talking and Non-verbal communication
(facial expressions, body posture or gestures.
Traditional forms of communication.
- The methods of communication that were used in the traditional society included;
Gestures.
- These are signals or body movements intended to pass a message. The
person to whom the gesture is directed must know the meaning of the gesture.
- It is sometimes referred to as sign language.
- Sometimes gestures are used to enhance and emphasize speech. They are used where silence is required yet communication is vital like
in operating theatres, and in traffic control.
Verbal communication-language.
- This is the commonest form of communication among human beings involving the use of sound (spoken language) in combination with some gestures or alone, to express messages.
Signals.
- The use of plants on the roadsides, the shaving of hair, physical marks on one’s body or property are means through which communication is passed to others.
Fire and smoke signals.
- Fire and smoke signals were used to send quick and urgent messages.
- Fire and smoke signals were coded such that strangers could not interpret the message correctly.
- They were commonly used in warning people of an impending danger.
Advantages of using fire and smoke signals.
a) Fire and smoke signals Conveyed messages faster than a messenger.
b) Confidentiality of messages was upheld since the messages were coded and could not be interpreted by strangers.
c) It was a cheap method of passing a message.
d) Information reaches only the intended groups as others may not understand it.


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