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 Form 4 Geography online lessons on energy

Hydro-electric power projects in Africa

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Answer Text:
HEP Projects in Africa
Africa has the largest concentration and potential areas of HEP generation. The potential hasn’t been utilized due to:
1. Inadequate financial resources. Where the projects are to be established the countries seek external borrowing of money which is paid for many years
overburdening the concerned countries.
2. Some of the potential areas being in remote areas far away from densely populated areas and industrial areas.
3. Some of the countries are lowly industrialized which means there isn’t adequate market for HEP making the venture economically unviable.
4. Some of the rivers with potential for HEP generation don’t have constant volume of water throughout the year due to seasonal fall of rain which affects power generation.