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 Form 4 Geography online lessons on fishing

Fishing in Kenya and Tanzania and types of fish caught

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Answer Text:
Fishing in Kenya and Tanzania
- Contributes only about 10% in Kenya and 13% of the total catch in Tanzania.
- Relatively warm waters of the tropics don’t favour breeding of a large number of fish.
- Indian Ocean is warmer and hence has little plankton.
- Continental shelf is narrow with little fish resources.
- Warm Mozambique current and deep continental shelf discourages the flourishing of fish.
- They use simple tools.
- Fish caught include pelagic fish such as tuna, kingfish, mullet, bonito and sardines.
- Fishing is done in small scale for both subsistence and commercial purposes.
- In Kenya small boats and a few of them motorised without refrigerators are used while in Tanzania, fishermen use small rarely motorised dhows which are guided by trade winds which travel into deep sea.
- In Tanzania most of the coastal communities take part
in fishing industry particularly in the islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar and along the coast around Tanga, Mtwara, and Dar-es-Salaam.
- Dense coastal population provides a ready market for fish.
- Fish is more popular than beef in Pemba and Zanzibar.