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 Form 4 CRE online lessons on the family

Artificial contraception and its types

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Answer Text:
Artificial Contraception
-Artificial contraception is the method used to prevent the meeting of a male sperm egg and a female egg after sexual intercourse.
- Some contraceptives prevent conception by ensuring that the sperm does not fertilize the ovum.
- Others prevent the sperm from travelling into the uterus by blocking the entrance of the uterus.
-Diaphragms and cervical caps are examples of mechanical devices for this purpose.
-Others prevent sperms from spreading in the vagina such as the condoms.
-Others kill the sperm such as spermicides, sprays and foaming tablets.
Other types of artificial contraception include:
Hormonal contraceptives:
These are in form of pills or injections. The hormones used in these contraceptives are known as estrogens and progestin.
Intra-uterine devices:
These devices slow down the movement of sperms. They also prevent or undo the implantation of the fertilized ovum
This consists of minor surgical operations. Both men and women can be sterilized using different methods.