Artificial contraception and its types
Artificial Contraception-Artificial contraception is the method used to prevent the meeting of a male sperm egg and a female egg after sexual intercourse.- Some contraceptives prevent conception by ensuring that the sperm does not fertilize the ovum.- Others prevent the sperm from travelling into the uterus by blocking the entrance of the uterus. -Diaphragms and cervical caps are examples of mechanical devices for this purpose. -Others prevent sperms from spreading in the vagina such as the condoms. -Others kill the sperm such as spermicides, sprays and foaming tablets. Other types of artificial contraception include:Hormonal contraceptives:These are in form of pills or injections. The hormones used in these contraceptives are known as estrogens and progestin.Intra-uterine devices:These devices slow down the movement of sperms. They also prevent or undo the implantation of the fertilized ovumSterilization:This consists of minor surgical operations. Both men and women can be sterilized using different methods.