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 Form 4 CRE online lessons on responsible sexual behaviour

Lesson on Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (HIV and AIDS):
The most common diseases that are sexually transmitted are: Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Most people feel shy to admit that they have contracted one of the three diseases for fear of being termed immoral.
(i) Gonorrhea
It is caused by the bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhea or Gonococcus.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
Signs show three to seven days after intercourse with an infected person. For example:
-There are feelings of discomfort inside the penis.
-Pain when passing urine.
-Smelly yellow discharge through the penis or the vagina.
-Headache.
-Severe pain in the lower abdomen for women.
-Frequent urination.
-Fever.
Effects of Gonorrhea
-Sterility in both men and women. The germs
may infect the fallopian tubes in women blocking them totally.
-Can cause blindness in a new born baby if the mother was infected with the disease.
-Arthritis, that is, infection of the bones.
-Ectopic pregnancy due to the narrowing of the fallopian tubes as a result of the scars formed after the infection. This means that the fertilized egg cannot pass down to the uterus but is implanted on the side of the tubes. Later the tube bursts causing internal bleeding. The bleeding may also lead to death if not discovered in time.


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