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Form 4 Biology support and movement in animals topical questions and answers
Form 4 Biology support and movement in animals topical questions and animals
State three structural differences between biceps and muscles of the gut.
The diagram below represents a mammalian bone. (a) Name the bone (b) Name the type of the joint formed by the bone at its interior end with the adjacent bone.
Give a reason why lumbar vertebrae have long and broad transverse process.
Which type of joint is found at the articulation of (a) Pelvic girdle and femur (b) Humerus and ulna
Name three types of skeletons found in multicellular animals
A bone obtained from a mammal is represented by the diagram below. (a) Name the bone (b) Which bone articulate with the bone shown in the diagram at the notch?
(a) Name the cartilage found between the bones for the vertebral column. (b) State the function of the cartilage named in (a) above
The diagram below represents bones at a joint found in the hind limb of a mammal. (a) Name the bones labeled X, Y and Z (b) (i) Name the substance found in the place labeled W (ii) State the function of the substance named in (b)(i) above. (c) Name the structure that joins the bone together at the joint. (d) State the difference between ball and socket joint and the one illustrated in the diagram
State the characteristic that is common to all cervical vertebrae
(a) Name the three type of muscles found in mammals and give an example each (b) State the difference between ball and socket and hinge joint. (c) State the functions of synovial fluid (d) State two advantages of having an exoskeleton
The diagram below represents a tissue obtained from an animal (a) Identify the tissue (b) State the function of the tissue named above
The diagram below shows two fused bones of a mammal. (a) Identify the fused bone (b) Name (i) Bone that articulates at the point labeled (ii) The hole labeled G
The diagram below represents a bone from a mammal (a) Name the bone (b) Name the: (i) Bone which articulate with the bone named in (a) above at the cavity labeled K (ii) Joint formed by the two bones. (c) State the function of the part labeled J
Give three functions of pectoral and pelvic fins in a fish.
The diagram below represents part of the human skeleton. (a) Name the part labeled P (b) (i) Name the bone that articulates with the part labeled Q (ii) What type of joint is formed between the part labeled Q and the bone named in (b) (i) above.
The diagram below represents features of a joint in a mammal . (a) Name the part labeled A (b) State the function of the part labeled B
The diagram below illustrates the arrangement of bones and muscles in the human arm. (i) Name the bones labeled K and L (ii) Explain how upward movement of the lower arm is brought about by bones and muscles shown in the diagram above
The diagram below shows how the iris and pupil of a human eye appear under different conditions. (a) Name the structures labeled X and Y (b) (i) State the condition that leads to the change in appearance shown in the diagram labeled B (ii) Describe the changes that lead to the appearance of the iris and pupil as shown in the diagram labeled (iii) What is the significance of the changes described
State two functions of the pelvic girdle in mammals.
The diagram below represents a mammalian pelvic girdle (a) How are the structures labeled H and J adapted to their function? (b) State the function of obturator foramen (c) (i) Name the bone that articulates with the pelvic girdle at acetabulum (ii) Name the type of joint formed by the acetabulum and the bone named in (c) above (d) Name the bone formed by the fusion of caudal vertebrae in human
State two functions of intervertebral discs in mammalian skeleton
(a) Which type of mammalian muscles is voluntary (b) Distinguish between a tendon and a ligament
Name the type of skeleton that makes up each of the following animals (a) Locust (b) Bird
(a) Name two types of involuntary muscles in mammals (b) State the location of each of the muscles named in (a) above.
State a characteristic that is common to all cervical vertebrae
Name the bones that articulate to form a ball and socket joint at hip.
The diagram below illustrates the arrangement of bones in a human arm (a) Name: (i) The type of joints formed at point H and M (ii) Bone G (b) Name bone
State how each of the following features enhance efficient movement of fish in water: (i) Scale (ii) Body shape
State one characteristic of muscles responsible for each of the following (a) Peristaltic movement (b) Movement of limbs
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